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NURS 7322 - Healthcare Policy, Analysis and Advocacy: Citing

An introduction to resources for health policy research in NURS 7322.

Key to Federal Legislative Citations

From senate.gov

There are 4 types of legislation:

  1. Bills
  2. Joint Resolutions
  3. Concurrent Resolutions
  4. Simple Resolutions

Visit senate.gov to learn more about each.

Citing Law

APA does not specialize in legal citations. If your citation varies from the examples on this page, APA suggest that authors consult the Bluebook, a uniform system of citation commonly used in legal writing.

Read the APA blog entry on legal citation.

The Texas legislature recognizes the following citation manuals:

Citing a Website in APA

Website - A government website will be cited the same way as any other website in APA.

  • Reference List:

Elements: Last, I. (date). Title of document [Format description (optional)]. Retrieved from URL.

Example: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017, April 6). Health in all policies. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/policy/hiap/index.html.

  • In-text:

Elements: (Last, year).

Example: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017) or (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017).

Tips

No date

  • Use (n.d.)

Elements

  • Incorporate as many of the elements for each citation type as possible.
  • Skip elements you cannot find.
  • The most important part is that the reader can find your reference.

APA 7th

  • This page is based on APA 6th.
  • Keep in mind that APA 7th was just released and style advice may change next academic year.

APA Citations

Statute - A statute is a bill that has been enacted into law (P.L.).

  • Reference List:

Elements: Name of the Statute, Title number Source § Section number(s) (Year).

Example: Family and  Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654 (2006).

  • In-text:

Elements: Title (year).

Example: Family and  Medical Leave Act of 1993 (2006) or (Family and  Medical Leave Act of 1993, 2006).

Policy -- If the policy you choose is a public law, please follow the instructions for citing statutes.

  • Reference List:

Elements: Organization that made the policy. (year). Title of the policy (Policy No. ## if applicable). Retrieved from URL.

Example: American Heart Association (2019). Ethics policy. Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/about-us/statements-and-policies/american-heart-association-ethics-policy-details.

  • In-text:

Elements: (Organization that made the policy, year).

Example: (American Heart Association, 2019).

Government Report

  • Reference List:

Elements: Government author. (year). Title of report: Subtitle of report if applicable (Report No. ###). Retrieved from URL

Example: Veterans Health Administration. (2013). National Veteran Health Equity Report: FY2013. Retrieved from https://www.va.gov/healthequity/NVHER.asp.

  • In-text:

Elements: (Government author, year).

Example:  (Veterans Health Administration, 2013)

Bill - Bills that have been been passed into law need to be cited as public laws (see the discussion of statutes below), unless you are referring to a historical piece of the legislative process.

  • Reference List:

Elements: Title [if relevant], bill or resolution number, xxx Cong. (year).

Example: Presidential Funding Act of 2010, S. 3681, 111th Cong. (2010) or S. 3681, 111th Cong. (2010).

  • In-text:

Elements: Title (year).

Example: Senate Bill 3681 (2010)or (S. 3681, 2010)

APA Style Blog

The APA Style Blog is a wonderful resource for understanding the ways to cite unusual material. Consult it often!