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Occupational Therapy: Evidence-Based Practice: Home

What is a literature search?

A systematic and thorough search of published literature in order to collect information about a particular topic.

Why do we do literature searches?

  • Create research proposals
  • Collect evidence on effectiveness of clinical treatments
  • Gather information for presentations
  • To make a clinical decision

Steps for acquiring evidence

  1. Identify a clinical problem
  2. Create a well-defined research question [using PICO]
    • Brainstorm and gather synonyms
    • Construct the search strategy
  3. Select most likely resources (databases)
  4. Tailor search strategy to database(s)
  5. Save search & export results to reference manager


American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) - the national professional association established to represent the interests and concerns of occupational therapy practitioners and students and to improve the quality of occupational therapy services.

National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) - not-for-profit credentialing agency that provides certification, including exam prep tools, for the occupational therapy profession.

Texas Occupational Therapy Association (TOTA) - An AOTA affiliate established for the benefit of professionals and students of occupational therapy. Membership services include public relations materials, legislative information, practice forum, educational meetings, and student services.