Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Internal Medicine Residency Resource Guide: Evidence Based Practice

Defining EBP

Evidenced-based practice (EBP) is applying or translating research findings in our daily patient care practices and clinical decision-making.

It is the framework for your clinical decision-making process.

It is the integration of:

  • your knowledge, skills, and past experience (Clinical Expertise);
  • the unique preferences, concerns and expectations of your patient (Patient Characteristics); and
  • valid and clinically relevant research (Best Evidence).

Learn More

5 A's - EBP Process

When making clinical decisions it's important to consider the 5 A's:

  • Assess: Review the Situation
  • Ask: Define the clinical problem as a question
  • Acquire: Select resources, design a strategy, and search for the answer
  • Appraise: Summarize the evidence yield
  • Apply: Apply the evidence

EBM/EBP Learn More



David Sackett defined evidence-based medicine as "the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.

The Center for Evidence-Based Medicine