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Plagiarism and Citing

Adapted from the Victoria University Library, Melbourne LibGuide.

Citing Styles for Bibliographies

Different citing styles have different rules regarding punctuation, capitalization, abbreviations and the use of italics. Each work cited is given an in-text reference and an entry in the Reference list at the end of the document.

APA citing style Example: journal article

Pjetursson, B. E., Rast, C., Brägger, U., Schmidlin, K., Zwahlen, M., & Lang, N. P. (2009). Maxillary sinus floor elevation using the (transalveolar) osteotome technique with or without grafting material. part I: Implant survival and patients' perception. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 20(7), 667-676. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2009.01704.x

AMA citing style Example: journal article

1. Pjetursson BE, Rast C, Brägger U, Schmidlin K, Zwahlen M, Lang NP. Maxillary sinus floor elevation using the (transalveolar) osteotome technique with or without grafting material. part I: Implant survival and patients' perception. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2009;20(7):667-676. Accessed Mar 24, 2017. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2009.01704.x.

Harvard citing style Example : journal article.

PJETURSSON, B.E., RAST, C., BRÄGGER, U., SCHMIDLIN, K., ZWAHLEN, M. and LANG, N.P., 2009. Maxillary sinus floor elevation using the (transalveolar) osteotome technique with or without grafting material. Part I: Implant survival and patients' perception. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 20(7), pp. 667-676.

CSE citing style Example: journal article

1. Pjetursson BE, Rast C, Brägger U, Schmidlin K, Zwahlen M, Lang NP. Maxillary sinus floor elevation using the (transalveolar) osteotome technique with or without grafting material. part I: Implant survival and patients' perception. Clin Oral Implants Res 2009 Jul;20(7):667-76.