In-text citations have two formats: parenthetical and narrative.
-Adapted from the APA Style website
|Author type||Parenthetical citation||Narrative citation|
|One author||(Luna, 2020)||Luna (2020)|
|Two authors||(Salas & D'Agostino, 2020)||Salas D'Agostino (2020)|
|Three or more authors||(Martin et al., 2020)||Martin et al. (2020)|
Group author with abbreviation
First citation *
(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2020)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2020)
|Group author without abbreviation||(Stanford University, 2020)||Stanford University (2020)|
* Define the abbreviation for a group author only one in the text, choosing either the parenthetical or the narrative format. Thereafter, use the abbreviation for all mentions of the group in the text.
Adapted from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: the official guide to APA style