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Evidenced-based practice (EBP) is applying or translating research findings in our daily patient care practices and clinical decision-making.
It is the framework for your clinical decision-making process.
It is the integration of:
- your knowledge, skills, and past experience (Clinical Expertise);
- the unique preferences, concerns and expectations of your patient (Patient Characteristics); and
- valid and clinically relevant research (Best Evidence).
5 A's - EBP Process
When making clinical decisions it's important to consider the 5 A's:
- Assess: Review the Situation
- Ask: Define the clinical problem as a question
- Acquire: Select resources, design a strategy, and search for the answer
- Appraise: Summarize the evidence yield
- Apply: Apply the evidence
David Sackett defined evidence-based medicine as "the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
The Center for Evidence-Based Medicine