Information below provided by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services - NIH Public Access Policy.
The NIH Public Access Policy is a statutory requirement term and a condition of all grant awards and cooperative agreements. The policy ensures that published results of NIH-funded research are made available to the public.
Scientists are required to submit a copy of their manuscript upon acceptance for publication to the NIH Manuscript Submission system. The final peer reviewed manuscript must be uploaded to PMC (PubMed Central) within three months of publication. The policy requires that the paper be made available to the public within 12 months after publication.
Consequences of Non-Compliance
For non-competing awards with a start date of July 1, 2013 or later:
The NIH will delay funding or renewal of non-competing continuation awards if the applicants’ publications arising from grant awards are not in compliance with the Public Access Policy. Read about the policy changes or view the archived webinar, “Changes to the NIH Public Access Policy and the Implications.”
Investigators need to use My NCBI to enter papers or edit progress reports. Papers can be associated electronically using the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR), or included in the Non-Competing Continuation Progress Report (PHS 2590).