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NURS 7303 - Knowledge Translation I: Document Your Search

PRISMA Statement

What is PRISMA?

From the website:

PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA primarily focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating the effects of interventions, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews with objectives other than evaluating interventions (e.g. evaluating aetiology, prevalence, diagnosis or prognosis).

What is included in the PRISMA statement?

The PRISMA statement is comprised of two pieces, a checklist and a flow diagram, intended to be accompanied by the PRISMA 2020 Explanation and Elaboration document.

Can a review be done according to PRISMA?

No. Reviews are constructed and run based on other frameworks and guidelines including:

PRISMA is a REPORTING guideline, which means review manuscripts can be written based on the PRISMA requirements.

Why use the PRISMA Statement?

The checklist is a useful tool to encourage all review authors to report the same information in the same way. Remember, an article may conform to PRISMA reporting guidelines in the checklist, but you will still need to read the complete article to determine if the review was well-done.

The flow diagram is a useful tool for charting the flow of information through the different phases of a review. It details the number of records identified, included and excluded, and the reasons for exclusions.

Combined, these items make it easier to read, understand, and compare reviews.

Example PRISMA Chart

An image showing a completed PRISMA flow diagram with explanations.

Below is an example of an acceptable citation to for PRISMA. If you use the flow diagram, you will need to cite it.

  • BMJ (OPEN ACCESS) Page MJ, McKenzie JE, Bossuyt PM, Boutron I, Hoffmann TC, Mulrow CD, et al. The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ 2021;372:n71. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n71