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NURS 7303 - Knowledge Translation I: Document Your Search

PRISMA Statement

What is PRISMA?

PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items aimed at helping authors to report a wide array of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, primarily used to assess the benefits and harms of a health care intervention.

The aim of the PRISMA statement is to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

PRISMA offers guidance for REPORTING the findings of systematic reviews. It is not a standard for conducting reviews.

The PRISMA statement is made up of two components:

  1. The Checklist
  2. The Flow Diagram

Each serves a different function, but both are intended to facilitate:

  • Reporting of findings from systematic reviews and meta-analyses
  • Transparency about the flow of data through the review process
  • Standardization of reporting
  • The potential reproducibility of an existing review

First published in 2009, they were updated in 2020 to better accomplish the intentions above. They are intended for systematic reviews, and are not always appropriate for other review types.


Learn More

  Prefer a video? Watch this video workshop: What is PRISMA and how to fill in one for conducting systematic review and meta-analyses

Your Statement

You will report your findings in a table format similar to this:

Number of Database Results

  Search Results Last 5 years English Only De-duplicate Pooled results for Review
CINAHL 895 550 500    
PubMed 1250 700 650    
Scopus 3500 725 675    
Total 5645 1975 1825 -800 1025

Flow of Citations Through the Process

Pooled Results for Review 1025
Excluded During Title Abstract Screen 875
Title Abstract Screen Minus Excluded 1025 - 875 = 150
Excluded During Full Text Screen 130
Full Text Screen Minus Excluded 150 - 130 = 20
Final included Number for Data Extraction 20