PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items aimed at helping authors to report a wide array of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, primarily used to assess the benefits and harms of a health care intervention.
The aim of the PRISMA statement is to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
PRISMA offers guidance for REPORTING the findings of systematic reviews. It is not a standard for conducting reviews.
The PRISMA statement is made up of two components:
Each serves a different function, but both are intended to facilitate:
First published in 2009, they were updated in 2020 to better accomplish the intentions above. They are intended for systematic reviews, and are not always appropriate for other review types.
Prefer a video? Watch this video workshop: What is PRISMA and how to fill in one for conducting systematic review and meta-analyses
You will report your findings in a table format similar to this:
|Search Results||Last 5 years||English Only||De-duplicate||Pooled results for Review|
Flow of Citations Through the Process
|Pooled Results for Review||1025|
|Excluded During Title Abstract Screen||875|
|Title Abstract Screen Minus Excluded||1025 - 875 = 150|
|Excluded During Full Text Screen||130|
|Full Text Screen Minus Excluded||150 - 130 = 20|
|Final included Number for Data Extraction||20|