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Writing: Bibliographies

Undergrad and graduate

Types of Bibliographies in Scientific Writing

Enumerated Bibliography  lists references according to some specific arrangement.  Enumerative bibliographies are arranged by author, subject, date or some other scheme. 

Annotated Bibliography :An alphabetical list of sources, an annotated bibliography outlines the type of research done on a certain topic. The writer annotates, or adds notes about, the sources.  Ideally, the writer gives information about the content  and assesses  the usefulness of the source in relation to the paper attached to the bibliography. 

Works Cited VS Bibliography

A Works Cited page is a list of the references used in your research or in your paper. An Annotated Bibliography also includes a summary or evaluation of the sources.

APA Style uses text citations and a reference list, rather than footnotes and bibliography, to document sources. A reference list and a bibliography look a lot alike: They're both composed of entries arranged alphabetically by author, for example, and they include the same basic information.

APA Guidelines

Marquette University's Citation Guide: APA

Penn State: APA in-text examples


Click on image to access interactive APA Style Manual and Tutorial

  • Tutorial that walks you through basic APA style format

Active Links to Interactive Citation Manuals

Click on image to access interactive AMA Manual of Style

Click on images above and below to access interactive style manuals. Be sure you are logged in if you are office campus in order to have full access.


Online Guide to Citations

Marquette University has a thorough interactive guide to most citation styles

Bibliographic Tools

  • RefWorks is a web-based program that is free to UTHSCSA students, residents, faculty and staff. It is recommended that you upgrade/transfer legacy RefWorks files to the new
  • EndNote offers many of the same features as RefWorks, yet must be purchased. It is available from the University Computer Store, TechZone
  • Mendeley is a free application and does not require Internet access. It can query PubMed for more accurate citation information and matching PDFs, yet with mixed success.
  • Zotero is open-source and free, yet requires an additional plug-in to manage PDFs. Internet access not required. 

        *Briscoe Library provides classes and support for both RefWorks and Endnote.