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NURS 7322: Healthcare Policy, Analysis and Advocacy

An introduction to resources for health policy research in NURS 7322.

Process

The Texas State Legislative Process is very much like the Federal Process. A few things to know about the structure of the Texas State governing body:

  • It has the "power of the purse"
  • It is part of a plural executive
  • The Lieutenant Governor, elected separately from the Governor, presides over the Senate and is the single most powerful legislator in the state
  • The Speaker of the House is elected from its own body every session
  • Only the Governor may call the Legislature into special sessions

Brief Overview

Texas State Legislature = Senate + House

Senate:

  • Members generally serve 4-year terms; however, in election years ending in "2," half of the senators will serve a two-year term based on a drawing
  • Senators are elected to represent single-member districts, which means one person (the Senator) represents all the residents in a District to a body (The Legislature) with multiple members
  • Districts are based on popluation, determined by US Census data
  • Each Senatorial District includes approximately 806,000 people
  • 31 Senators currently serve in the Senate


House:

  • Members serve 2-year terms
  • Representatives are elected to represent single-member districts, which means one person (the Senator) represents all the residents in a District to a body (The Legislature) with multiple members
  • Districts are based on population as determined by US Census data
  • Each House District include approximately 150,000 people
  • 150 Representatives currently serve in the House